RELATIVE PRONOUNS (kata ganti penghubung)

Posted: Mei 15, 2013 in Uncategorized

Relative Pronoun adalah kata yang digunakan untuk mengantikan salah satu pokok kalimat/bagian kalimat lainnya yang menghubungkan dua buah kalimat menjadi satu kalimat majemuk (complex sentence). Kata-kata yang digunakan sebagai penghubung yaitu: who, whom, whose, which, of which.
Rumus Umum :
Jabatan dalam kalimat orang benda
Subjek
Objek
Kepunyaan (possesseve) Who/that
Whom/that
whose Which/that
Which/that
Of which
1. Who/that: “yang”
Digunakan utk pengganti orang sbg subjek
Contoh: We know a lot of people. They live in Jakarta
S O S
We know a lot of people who live in Jakarta
(They = a lot ao people, jabatan dalam kalimat subjek,)

2. Whom/that: “yang”
Digunakan untuk pengganti objek
Contoh: The girl feel in love with the man. I met him last week.
S O S O
The girl feel in love with the man whom I met last week.
(him = the man, jabatan sebagai objek)

3. whose: “yang punya”
Digunakan untuk mengganti kata ganti kepunyaan: my, your, our, his, their, its, her.
Contoh: We saw the people. Their car has been stolen.
S O possessive
We saw the people whose car had been stolen.
(their car = mobilnya orang-orang. Orang yang dimaksud = the people)

4. which/that
Digunakan untuk mengganti kata benda/binatang sebagai subjek
Contoh: I don’t like the stories. They are printed in English.
S
I don’t like the stories that/which are printed in English.
(they = the stories/cerita adalah kata benda yg kedudukannya sebagai S)
My mother loves a red car very much. I bought it last year.
O O
My mother loves a red car which/that I bought last year very much
( it = a red car, sebuah benda, jabatan sebagai objek)

6. Of which
Digunakan untuk mengganti kata ganti kepunyaan/possessive untuk benda/binatang.
Contoh: I sent the table back to the store. Its surface is not smooth.
Possessive
I sent the table of which surface is not smooth back to the store.
(its surface/permukaannya meja. Meja yg dimaksud the table)

7. Where

8. When

 

 

 

By; Matrix MA Ummul Quro

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