Penggunaan MUCH, MANY, A LOT OF, PLENTY OF, A FEW, A LITTLE

Posted: Mei 12, 2013 in Uncategorized

Untuk menunjukkan jumlah suatu benda, kita menggunakan quantifiers seperti “much, many, a lot of, plenty of, a few, few, a little, little” yang dipakai di depan kata benda yang dapat dihitung maupun yang tidak dapat dihitung.

“Much and little” dipakai di depan uncountable nouns—misalnya time (waktu), money (uang), luck (keberuntungan) dan lain-lainnya

Misalnya:
Much time (banyak waktu), much fat (banyak lemak), little money (sedikit uang).
Many and few dipakai dengan kata benda dapat dihitung (countable nouns)—misalnya books, people, tables, cars, houses.

Contoh:
Many books (banyak buku), a few stores( Sedikit tokok), many cars (banyak mobil), a few houses (sedikit rumah), many roads (banyak jalan)
“A lot of (lots of)” and” plenty of” dapat digunakan baik dengan kata benda dapat dihitung (countable noun) maupun yang tidak (uncountable noun).

Contoh:
A lot of rice=banyak nasi. Nasi (rice) termasuk uncountable noun.
A lot of friends= banyak teman. Teman(friend) termasuk countable noun.
Lots of cars = banyak mobile. Mobil (car) termasuk countable noun.
Lots of water =banyak air. Air (water) termasuk uncountable noun.
Anda bisa menggunakan a lot tanpa of setelah kata bend.

Contoh:
I eat a lot of rice.
I eat rice a lot.
Plenty berarti “lebih dari cukup”walaupun kadang-kadang diterjemah sebagai “banyak”
Contoh:
I have plenty of time now.
My friends have plenty of money.
Many dan much digunakan dalam kalimat negative or interrogative.
Contoh:
Do you have much time tonight?
I don’t have many relatives here.
She doesn’t have much money in the bank.
Hati-hati dengan penggunaan few and little. Ketika digunakan tanpa “a”, artinya menjadi negative.

Contoh:
I have little money (Saya hampir tidak punya uang).
I am sad here as I have few friends. (Hampir tidak punya teman)
She doesn’t want to go out as she has little money. (She won’t be able to buy anything).

Jika kata sandang “a” digunakan, maka kalimatnya menjadi positif

Contoh:
I have a little drink. I can give it to you if you want.
She has a few friends in the city. On weekends, she sometimes visits one of them.

By; English matriculation uq oprt

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